Directors and Officers Liability Insurance cover protects Companies, Directors, Officers and Senior Managers against claims arising from their decisions and actions taken whilst managing their business.
The duties of a director have been established through statutes, regulations and case law and can be broken down into the following areas:
Duty of Care and Skill
This is a common law duty that requires Directors to act with ‘the care an ordinary man would take in the same circumstances on his own behalf’ and with the skill expected from someone with his ‘particular knowledge and experience’. Where duties are delegated the Director is responsible for ensuring that the person to whom the duties are delegated is sufficiently experienced, reliable and honest.
Directors must act honestly, in good faith and in the best interest of the company and must ensure that he does not have any conflict of interest.
There are many statutes that affect the conduct of Directors and Officers including the Companies Act 1985, Insolvency Act 1986, Financial Services Act 1986, Environmental Protection Act 1990, Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, to name but a few.
If a Director is perceived to have failed in any of his duties, then a claim could come from any one of a number of third parties including:
- Government and Regulatory bodies